Peace activist John Dear parts ways with the Jesuits

Following years of disagreements, the prominent peace activist and Jesuit priest has left the Society of Jesus — the same order of Pope Francis.

The Rev. John Dear, a prominent peace activist and Jesuit priest, has left the Society of Jesus — the same order Pope Francis belongs to — after years of disagreements with Jesuit leaders.

Dear said he and the order cut ties — a highly unusual move for a Jesuit, who takes solemn, lifelong vows to the community — because the society did not support his social activism.

“I’m leaving because the Society of Jesus in the U.S. has changed so much since I entered in 1982 and because my Jesuit superiors have tried so hard over the decades to stop my work for peace,” Dear wrote in a Jan. 7 column for National Catholic Reporter, the liberal weekly that he writes for.

But church sources said the two sides parted ways only after a yearslong effort to persuade him to fulfill the communal responsibilities expected of all Jesuits. They said Dear’s superiors had tried to find ways to allow him to continue his peace ministry, which is the sort of activism that Jesuits have become known for and which has been highlighted by Francis.

The termination decree signed by the head of the international order, the Rev. Adolfo Nicolas, was dated June 19 and says that Dear has been “obstinately disobedient to the lawful order of Superiors in a grave matter,” according to NCR, which first reported the dismissal.

The decree further states that Dear had been ordered to return to his community by a certain date or face dismissal. The Society of Jesus provided no further details on the circumstances surrounding the expulsion. Dear is a member of the Maryland province of the Jesuits, one of seven regions of the society in the U.S.

Dear, who has been arrested dozens of times while engaging in civil disobedience for various causes, has long been known as something of a Lone Ranger type in an order that is known for its social activism but also for its powerful communal ethos and its strict vows of obedience. That includes a special vow of obedience to the pope.

Francis is the first Jesuit to become pope; he apparently played no role in Dear’s dismissal, which followed a unanimous vote by the six members of the Jesuits’ international council. It was unclear whether Francis has or would eventually have to confirm the dismissal.

For now, Dear remains a priest, though he said he is “not sure if I will remain a priest.” He cannot function as a Catholic priest unless a bishop gives him permission to do so. Dear said he is continuing to work for peace and justice with other organizations.

Dear’s column in NCR explaining his decision provided some insights into how alienated he had become from his community.

In the essay, Dear repeatedly blasted his superiors, often by name, saying he suffered under their “authoritarianism” and that their behavior had a “debilitating effect” on his health. He accused the Jesuits of abandoning him but also their larger, historic commitment to the poor.

Several Jesuits said privately that Dear’s charges were unfounded, and they pointed to Pope Francis’ own speeches as well as to the myriad efforts for social justice that the Jesuits operate and support.

Dear acknowledged that he had been ordered to return to Baltimore from New Mexico, where he led protests against nuclear weapons development at the Los Alamos National Laboratory.

His activities and preaching there had upset many Catholics who were often the target of his pointed criticisms. Three years ago, he said, Archbishop Michael Sheehan of Santa Fe had withdrawn permission for Dear to work as a priest in the archdiocese.

Dear detailed a litany of other conflicts with the order but said that when he was told he would have to spend time working at a Jesuit-run high school in Maryland, he instead took a leave of absence and moved back to New Mexico. He said he finally asked to leave the society, and this week formally did so.

Read More Articles

Top 10 Reasons We’re Glad A Catholic Colbert Is Taking Over Letterman’s “Late Show”

How might we love Stephen Colbert as the “Late Show” host? Let us count the ways.

God’s Not Dead? Why the Good News Is Better than That

The resurrection of Jesus is not a matter of private faith — it’s a proclamation for the whole world.

An Untold Story of Bondage to Freedom: Passover 1943

How a foxhole that led to a 77-mile cave system saved the lives of 38 Ukrainian Jews during the Holocaust.

Friend or Foe? Learning from Judas About Friendship with Jesus

We call Judas a betrayer. Jesus called him “friend.”

Fundamentalist Arguments Against Fundamentalism

The all-or-nothing approach to the Bible used by skeptics and fundamentalists alike is flawed.

Mary Magdalene, the Closest Friend of Jesus

She’s been ignored, dismissed, and misunderstood. But the story of Easter makes it clear that Mary was Jesus’ most faithful friend.

The Three Most Surprising Things Jesus Said

Think you know Jesus? Some of his sayings may surprise you.

How to Debate Christians: Five Ways to Behave and Ten Questions to Answer

Advice for atheists taking on Christian critics.

Heaven Hits the Big Screen

How “Heaven is for Real” went from being an unsellable idea to a bestselling book and the inspiration for a Hollywood movie.

This God’s For You: Jesus and the Good News of Beer

How Jesus partied with a purpose.

Jesus, Bunnies, and Colored Eggs: An Explanation of Holy Week and Easter

So, Easter is a one-day celebration of Jesus rising from the dead and turning into a bunny, right? Not exactly.

Dear Evangelicals, Please Reconsider Your Fight Against Gay Rights

A journalist and longtime observer of American religious culture offers some advice to his evangelical friends.