Supreme Court to hear case on prayer at government meetings

WASHINGTON — The Supreme Court agreed Monday (May 20) to consider whether prayers can be offered at government meetings — … Continued

WASHINGTON — The Supreme Court agreed Monday (May 20) to consider whether prayers can be offered at government meetings — a practice that’s been common in Congress and throughout the states for more than two centuries.

The religious expression case, which comes to the court from the town of Greece, N.Y., focuses on the first 10 words of the First Amendment, ratified in 1791: “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion.”

That Establishment Clause was violated, the 2nd U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals ruled last year, when the Greece Town Board repeatedly used Christian clergy to conduct prayers at the start of its public meetings. The decision created a rift with other appeals courts that have upheld prayer at public meetings, prompting the justices to step in.

Alliance Defending Freedom, an Arizona-based Christian nonprofit group, appealed the case to the Supreme Court. It is supported in separate briefs by 49 mostly Republican members of Congress and 18 state attorneys general.

“A few people should not be able to extinguish the traditions of our nation merely because they heard something they didn’t like,” said the ADF’s senior counsel, Brett Harvey.

Americans United for Separation of Church and State, a Washington, D.C.-based watchdog group, is representing the two women who challenged the town’s practice, Susan Galloway and Linda Stephens.

“A town council meeting isn’t a church service, and it shouldn’t seem like one,” said the Rev. Barry W. Lynn, executive director of Americans United, who noted that between 1999 and June 2010, about two-thirds of the 120 recorded invocations contained references to “Jesus Christ,” ‘’Jesus,” ‘’Your Son” or the “Holy Spirit.”

Kenneth Klukowski, a lawyer for the Family Research Council who filed a brief on behalf of the 49 U.S. House members, said the Supreme Court was correct to take the case to clear up differences among lower courts on the issue of religious expression. It represents the first such case to reach the high court in a generation, he said.

“If the Second Circuit’s decision is what the Establishment Clause requires, then Congress has been violating the Establishment Clause since it was ratified in 1791,” Klukowski said. His brief notes that in the 112th Congress, 97 percent of the prayers used to open House sessions were Christian, as opposed to Jewish or Muslim, yet the practice is widely accepted.

The court will hear the case in its next term, which begins in October. Its decision, expected by June 2014, could have broad implications for public schools and events, as well as for individuals who seek to convey religious messages.

(Richard Wolf writes for USA Today.)

KRE/AMB END WOLF

Copyright: For copyright information, please check with the distributor of this item, Religion News Service LLC.

  • leibowde84

    Prayer at government meetings?! How can this have gone on so long without uproar?! The constitution says very clearly in the establishment clause that the government cannot endorse any religion. How in God’s name could anyone argue that including a prayer in a governmental meeting doesn’t endorse the practice of the religion behind that prayer?! Whether it be Christianity, Judaism, Islam, Buddhism, etc. It just aint right.

  • OutofmanyONE

    Religion is a liberty that a American can pratice or not pratice but no kind of a religion is part of our government . No type of a religion can be forced on any American but those that want prayer at government meetings want it of their type of religion. The Supreme Court ruleing must always be compatible with our supreme law, the Constitution.

  • larryclyons

    Religion has no place in government.