Survey finds record 19 percent of religiously unaffiliated Americans

Unbelief is on the uptick. People who check “None” for their religious affiliation are now nearly one in five Americans … Continued

Unbelief is on the uptick. People who check “None” for their religious affiliation are now nearly one in five Americans (19 percent), the highest ever documented, according to the Pew Center for the People and the Press.

The rapid rise of Nones — including atheists, agnostics and those who say they believe “nothing in particular” — defies the usually glacial rate of change in spiritual identity.

Barry Kosmin, co-author of three American Religious Identification Surveys, theorizes why None has become the “default category.” He says, “Young people are resistant to the authority of institutional religion, older people are turned off by the politicization of religion, and people are simply less into theology than ever before.”

Kosmin’s surveys were the first to brand the Nones in 1990 when they were 6 percent of U.S. adults. By the 2008 survey, Nones were up to 15 percent. By 2010, another survey, the biannual General Social Survey, bumped the number to 18 percent.

Meanwhile, the Roman Catholic Church, the nation’s largest religious denomination, the Southern Baptist Convention, Methodists and Lutherans, all show membership flat or inching downward, according to the 2012 Yearbook of American & Canadian Churches.

The 19 percent count is based on aggregated surveys of 19,377 people conducted by the Pew Research Center throughout 2011.

How high the Nones numbers might go depends on demographics, says Mark Chaves, professor of sociology, religion and divinity at Duke University, an expert on the General Social Survey.

Two forces could hold Nones’ numbers down. First, they are disproportionately young, often single, and highly educated — all groups with a low birth rate. Second, the number of believers who immigrate to the U.S. from particularly religious nations, such as Catholics from Mexico, fluctuates with government policies and economic issues, Chaves says.

But the chief way the category grows is by “switchers.” A 2009 Pew Forum on Religion & Public Life look at “switching” found more than 10 percent of American adults became Nones after growing up within a religious group.

Chaves says there’s another dimension to the unbelief trend worth watching.

“Americans famously say they believe in some variation of God. Over 90 percent do,” Chaves says. “But it used to be 99 percent decades ago. The change is slow, but we can see it coming.”

(Cathy Lynn Grossman writes for USA Today.)

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About

Cathy Lynn Grossman | Religion News Service Cathy Lynn Grossman is a senior national correspondent for Religion News Service, specializing in stories drawn from research and statistics on religion, spirituality and ethics, and manager for social media. She joined RNS in 2013 after 23 years with USA TODAY, where she created the religion and ethics beat for the national newspaper.
  • wb11

    If you want to know the honest truth I am a religiously unaffiliated person, and yet, at the same time, I am a devout Christian. I do not wish to be called religious and I don’t identify myself by a particular church denomination. I wonder if there are others out there like me. I think the majority of people, whether they are religously affiliated or not, believe in prayer. Is this not why we hear of so many prayer services springing up everywhere in the face of 9/11 or the Colorado shootings? I for one am tired of hearing the word religious. I believe we need to be people of faith. My faith is in Jesus Christ. I am a prayer warrior. I share my faith with everyone who is interested. There is no tradition, custom, or culture involved with my belief. I have a living, pesonal relationship with a wonderful Heavenly Father who sticks closer to me than a brother. But if you ask me for my religious affiliation, unless Chrsitian is an option, I will tick ‘none’.

  • gonnagle

    And for evey one who ticks none but does believe is some divine thingumybob there are people who tick the “catholic” or the “baptist’ box but don’t believe. They do it because they were brought up that way – it a habit, not a faith position.

    Interetsestingly Australia recently revealed its last census results where no religion is up to 21%. In the census people could tick the box as just christian without any affiliation nullifying your particular situation at least out here.

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