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Administration officials announced a new deal offering ‘accommodation’ to religious liberty concerns over birth control coverage in new HHS regulations.
The leader of the U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops called the Obama administration’s announcement that it would shift the burden for covering birth control from religious institutions to insurance companies “a first step in the right direction.”
The full statement from the U.S. bishops expresses cautious optimism on the revision.
Other Catholic leaders were less upbeat.
The Rev. Frank Pavone, president of the Catholic anti-abortion organization Priests for Life, said “A resolution to this issue cannot only cover ‘religious’ employers. Religious freedom, which includes freedom of conscience, does not belong only to religious entities but to every American. There are many non-religious reasons to object to the administration’s policy.”
Writing at CatholicVote.org, Tom Crowe was not satisfied with the compromise: “If the religious institution is being required to pay for an insurance plan that subsidizes the insurance company’s efforts to proactively spread information about obtaining contraceptives, and then also pays for the contraceptives, that still means the church is being required to subsidize services and items it deems morally repugnant. The church’s money would still be used to support gravely immoral activity.”
Speaking on “Morning Joe” as news of a potential deal broke, Washington Archbishop Cardinal Donald Wuerl said: “It’s the administration who has redefined health care. It is the presumption that pregnancy is some sort of health care anomoly that to have, to be pregnant is some sort of illness. [That approach says] we must prevent that illness and so we’ve redefined health care. . . A pregnancy becomes the problem.”
In a statement, the Becket Fund for Religious Liberty, which is not affiliated with any particular religious tradition, raised several objections to the new regulations:
Other religious groups embraced the administration’s announcement.
Carole Keehan, president of the Catholic Health Association said in a statement that the compromise “protects the religious liberty and conscience rights of Catholic institutions.”
“This decision shows the White House respects the Catholic community and concerns of diverse religious leaders,” said John Gehring, the Catholic outreach coordinator at Faith in Public Life. “It’s clear that the president worked very hard to protect both religious liberty and women’s health. Those two values should not be in conflict. Republicans leaders and others who have unfairly bashed this administration for being hostile to religion should stop perpetuating that absurd narrative.”
A diverse group of Catholics, from Chris Matthews to the U.S.Catholic Bishops, as well as a host of evangelical and nonreligious leaders criticized the initial HHS regulations requiring birth control coverage, framing it as a matter of freedom of conscience over any right to birth control.
An official with the bishops said that the administration did not consult with their group before announcing the compromise. The White House said that Obama later contacted Dolan and Keehan, a key White House ally in Obama’s health-care overhaul, to explain the new rules.
The Catholic Church rejects what it calls ‘artificial’ methods of contraception, instead advocating a method of pregnancy prevention inspired by their theology, called Natural Family Planning. The method measures a woman’s temperature and fertile signs and, if pregnancy is to be avoided, prescribes abstinence during fertile periods. One NFP advocate, Janet Smith, estimates that no more than 4 percent of Catholics use the method, a fact that, according to Politico, Obama administration officials took into consideration in their initial decision to require religious institutions to cover contraceptives.
Senior administration officials said in a conference call Friday that insurance comparies, rather than the religious insititions themselves, “will be required to reach out directly and offer [women] contraceptive care free of charge.”
The announcement marked a change from the administration’s initial requirement that religious institutions such as Catholic hospitals and universities provide insurance coverage of birth control, even those it finds immoral.
Officials also emphasized the financial benefit of birth control to insurance companies, calling contraceptive services ‘cost neutral’ for them and citing data indicating that preventing pregnancy saves insurance companies money.